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Quantum information scrambling through a high-complexity operator mapping

TitleQuantum information scrambling through a high-complexity operator mapping
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsX. Li, G. Zhu, M. Han, and X. Wang
JournalPhys. Rev. A
Volume100
Pagination032309
Date PublishedSEP 6
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN2469-9926
Abstract

Quantum information scrambling has attracted much attention amid the effort to reconcile the conflict between quantum-mechanical unitarity and the thermalization irreversibility in many-body systems. Here we propose an unconventional mechanism to generate quantum information scrambling through a high-complexity mapping from logical to physical degrees-of-freedom that hides the logical information into nonseparable many-body correlations. Corresponding to this mapping, we develop an algorithm to efficiently sample a Slater-determinant wave function and compute all physical observables in dynamics with a polynomial cost in system size. The system shows information scrambling in the quantum many-body Hilbert space characterized by the spreading of Hamming distance. At late time we find emergence of classical diffusion dynamics in this quantum many-body system. We establish that the operator mapping enabled growth in an out-of-time-order correlator exhibits exponential-scrambling behavior. The quantum information-hiding mapping approach may shed light on the understanding of fundamental connections among computational complexity, information scrambling, and quantum thermalization.

DOI10.1103/PhysRevA.100.032309