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Proposal for noise-free visible-telecom quantum frequency conversion through third-order sum and difference frequency generation

TitleProposal for noise-free visible-telecom quantum frequency conversion through third-order sum and difference frequency generation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsX. Lu, G. Moille, A. Rao, and K. Srinivasan
JournalOpt. Lett.
Volume46
Pagination222–225
Date Publishedjan
ISSN0146-9592
Abstract

Quantum frequency conversion (QFC) between the visible and telecom is a key to connect quantum memories in fiber-based quantum networks. Current methods for linking such widely separated frequencies, such as sum/difference frequency generation and four-wave mixing Bragg scattering, are prone to broadband noise generated by the pump laser(s). To address this issue, we propose to use third-order sum/difference frequency generation (TSFG/TDFG) for an upconversion/downconversion QFC interface. In this process, two long wavelength pump photons combine their energy and momentum to mediate frequency conversion across the large spectral gap between the visible and telecom bands, which is particularly beneficial from the noise perspective. We show that waveguide-coupled silicon nitride microring resonators can be designed for efficient QFC between 606 and 1550 nm via a 1990 nm pump through TSFG/TDFG. We simulate the device dispersion and coupling, and from the simulated parameters, estimate that the frequency conversion can be efficient ({\textgreater}80%) at 50 mW pump power. Our results suggest that microresonator TSFG/TDFG is promising for compact, scalable, and low-power QFC across large spectral gaps. (C) 2021 Optical Society of America

DOI10.1364/OL.412602