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Multiterminal Josephson Effect

TitleMultiterminal Josephson Effect
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsN. Pankratova, H. Lee, R. Kuzmin, K. Wickramasinghe, W. Mayer, J. Yuan, M. G. Vavilov, J. Shabani, and V. E. Manucharyan
JournalPhys. Rev. X
Date PublishedSEP 2
Type of ArticleArticle

We report a probable observation of the dc Josephson effect in mesoscopic junctions of three and four superconductors. The devices are fabricated in a top-down fashion from a hybrid semiconductor-superconductor InAs/Al epitaxial heterostructure. In general, the critical current of an N-terminal junction is an (N - 1)-dimensional hypersurface in the space of bias currents, which can be reduced to a set of critical current contours. The geometry of critical current contours exhibits nontrivial responses to electrical gating, magnetic field, and phase bias, and it can be reproduced by the scattering formulation of the Josephson effect generalized to the case of N > 2. Besides establishing solid ground beneath a host of recent theory proposals, our experiment accomplishes an important step toward creating trijunctions of topological superconductors, essential for braiding operations.