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Fragile versus stable two-dimensional fermionic quasiparticles

TitleFragile versus stable two-dimensional fermionic quasiparticles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsS. Ahn, and S. Das Sarma
JournalPhys. Rev. B
Date PublishedSEP 13
Type of ArticleEditorial Material

We provide a comprehensive theoretical investigation of the Fermi liquid quasiparticle description in two-dimensional electron gas interacting via the long-range Coulomb interaction by calculating the electron self-energy within the leading-order approximation, which is exact in the high-density limit. We find that the quasiparticle energy is larger than the imaginary part of the self-energy up to very high energies, implying that the basic Landau quasiparticle picture is robust up to far above the Fermi energy. We find, however, that the quasiparticle picture becomes fragile in a small discrete region around a critical wave vector where the quasiparticle spectral function strongly deviates from the expected quasiparticle Lorentzian line shape with a vanishing renormalization factor. We show that such a non-Fermi liquid behavior arises due to the coupling of quasiparticles with the collective plasmon mode. This situation is somewhat intermediate between the one-dimensional interacting electron gas (i.e., Luttinger liquid), where the Landau Fermi liquid theory completely breaks down since only bosonic collective excitations exist, and three-dimensional electron gas, where quasiparticles are well-defined and more stable against interactions than in one and two dimensions. We use a number of complementary definitions for a quasiparticle to examine the interacting spectral function, contrasting two-dimensional and three-dimensional situations critically.