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Chiral spin condensation in a one-dimensional optical lattice

TitleChiral spin condensation in a one-dimensional optical lattice
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsY-H. Wu, X. Li, and S. Das Sarma
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume96
Pagination214502
Date PublishedDEC 7
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN2469-9950
Abstract

We study a spinor (two-component) Bose gas confined in a one-dimensional double-valley optical lattice which has a double-well structure in momentum space. Based on field theory analysis, it is found that spinor bosons in the double-valley band may form a spin-charge mixed chiral spin quasicondensate under certain conditions. Our numerical calculations in a concrete p-flux triangular ladder system confirm the robustness of the chiral spin order against interactions and quantum fluctuations. This exotic atomic Bose-Einstein condensate exhibits spatially staggered spin loop currents without any charge dynamics despite the complete absence of spin-orbit coupling in the system, creating an interesting approach to atom spintronics. The entanglement entropy scaling allows us to extract conformal-field-theory central charge and establish the low-energy effective field theory for the chiral spin condensate as a two-component Luttinger liquid. Our predictions should be detectable in atomic experiments through spin-resolved time-of-flight techniques.}, %%Address = {ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA

DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.96.214502