|Title||Chiral magnetism and spontaneous spin Hall effect of interacting Bose superfluids|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||X. Li, S. S. Natu, A. Paramekanti, and S. Das Sarma|
|Keywords||chiral magnetism, Spin-orbit coupling|
Recent experiments on ultracold atoms in optical lattices have synthesized a variety of tunable bands with degenerate double-well structures in momentum space. Such degeneracies in the single-particle spectrum strongly enhance quantum fluctuations, and often lead to exotic many-body ground states. Here we consider weakly interacting spinor Bose gases in such bands, and discover a universal quantum ‘order by disorder’ phenomenon which selects a novel superfluid with chiral spin order displaying remarkable properties such as spontaneous spin Hall effect and momentum space antiferromagnetism. For bosons in the excited Dirac band of a hexagonal lattice, such a state supports staggered spin loop currents in real space. We show that Bloch oscillations provide a powerful dynamical route to quantum state preparation of such a chiral spin superfluid. Our predictions can be readily tested in spin-resolved time-of-flight experiments.