Topological Quantum Matter
Electrons organize in ways to give rise to distinct phases of matter such as insulators, metals, magnets or superfluid or superconductors. In the last ten years or so, it has become increasingly clear that in addition to the symmetry-based classification of matter, topological consideration of wavefunctions plays a key role in determining distinct or new quantum phases of matter [see, for an introduction, Hasan & Kane, Reviews of Modern Physics 82, 3045 (2010)].
In this talk, I briefly introduce these new topological concepts in the context of their experimental realizations in quantum matter. As examples, I present how tuning a topological insulator whose surface hosts an unpaired Dirac fermion can give rise to emergent Weyl fermion and “fractional” Fermi surfaces; superconductors with helical Cooper pairing leading to novel Majorana platforms, and strongly correlated magnetic, Chern or many-body states of matter. These “topological quantum matter” harbor novel and unprecedented properties that may lead to the development of next generation quantum technologies.
We are hosting the Spring 2021 JQI Seminars virtually as Zoom meetings. JQI members and affiliates will receive a Zoom link in an email announcing each seminar. For those without access to Zoom, we will also be live streaming each seminar on YouTube. Once a seminar starts, you will find a link to the live stream on our YouTube page at https://www.youtube.com/user/JQInews(link is external)(link is external)(link is external).