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Physics Frontier Center News

If you holler at someone across your yard, the sound travels on the bustling movement of air molecules. But over long distances your voice needs help to reach its destination—help provided by a telephone or the Internet. Atoms don’t yell, but they can share information through light. And they also need help connecting over long distances.

Now, researchers at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have shown that nanofibers can provide a link between far-flung atoms, serving as a light...

In this experiment, physicists squeeze combinations of higher modes of the light into a nanofiber with unprecedented efficiency and purity. This kind of control may translate into more control over evanescent atom traps

In this week’s issue of Nature Photonics scientists at the Joint Quantum Institute (*) report the first observation of topological effects for light in two dimensions, analogous to the quantum Hall effect for electrons. To accomplish this, they built a structure to guide infrared light over the surface of a room temperature, silicon-on-insulator chip.

JQI researchers perform a quantum simulation of the 1D Dirac equation, by assembling an analogue system of neutral atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Peter Kordell, a UMD undergrad, was awarded the IPST Monroe Martin Prize for Undergraduate Research in Physics.

The photodetectors in Alan Migdall’s lab often see no light at all, and that’s a good thing since he and his JQI (*) colleagues perform physics experiments that require very little light, the better to study subtle quantum effects. Their latest achievement, described here, is to develop a new way of counting photons to understand the sources and modes of light in modern physics experiments....

Unfortunately, qubits are fragile; they dissipate in the face of interactions with their environment. A new JQI semiconductor-based qubit design ably addresses this issue of qubit robustness.

JQI researchers in the lab of Alan Migdall, demonstrate how one category of photo-detection system can make highly accurate readings of incoming information at the single-photon level by allowing the detector in some instances not to give a conclusive answer.

JQI Researchers have reported* the first observation of the "spin Hall effect" in a Bose-Einstein condensate.This is a step toward applications in "atomtronics"—the use of ultracold atoms as circuit components.

JQI researchers under the direction of Chris Monroe have produced quantum entanglement between a single atom’s motion and its spin state thousands of times faster than previously reported, demonstrating unprecedented control of atomic motion.

Rajibul Islam was recently awarded UMDs Distinguished Dissertation Award for his thesis work on quantum magnetism with ions in Chris Monroe's Trapped Ion Quantum Information group.