Latest News and Research
Latest News and Research
The JQI community joins our colleagues at JILA and NIST in mourning the loss of Deborah Jin, a pioneer in the physics of ultracold gases, an area of research that joins condensed matter and atomic physics. Jin was an outstanding scientist, colleague, and mentor. To learn more about Jin's life, research and accomplishments, please read the remembrances by ... Continue Reading
This Fall, theoretical condensed matter physicist Maissam Barkeshli joined the UMD Department of Physics as an Assistant Professor and a JQI Fellow. In 2010 he received a PhD from MIT under the supervision of Xiao-Gang Wen. Since then he has been a Simons Postdoctoral Fellow at Stanford University (2010-2013) and a postdoctoral researcher at Microsoft's Station Q, located at UC Santa Barbara (... Continue Reading
See also NIST official obituary with video tribute and interviewThe members of the JQI join many in saying farewell and paying tribute to their esteemed colleague. Katharine Gebbie spent her career at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)... Continue Reading
Programmable ions set the stage for general-purpose quantum computersA new quantum computer module combines proven techniques with advances in hardware and software.
Quantum computers promise speedy solutions to some difficult problems, but building large-scale, general-purpose quantum devices is a problem fraught with technical challenges.To date, many research groups have created small but functional quantum computers. By combining a handful of atoms, electrons or superconducting junctions, researchers now regularly demonstrate quantum effects and run... Continue Reading
Theoretical physicists studying the behavior of ultra-cold atoms have discovered a new source of friction, dispensing with a century-old paradox in the process. Their prediction, which experimenters may soon try to verify, was reported recently in Physical Review Letters.The friction afflicts certain arrangements of atoms in a Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC), a quantum state of matter in which... Continue Reading
The idea of a pump is at least as old as the ancient Greek philosopher and scientist Archimedes. More than 2000 years ago, Archimedes allegedly invented a corkscrew pump that could lift water up an incline with the turn of a handle. Versions of the ancient invention still bear his name and are used today in agriculture and... Continue Reading
Novel gate may enhance power of Majorana-based quantum computers
- May 10, 2016
- Research News
Quantum computers hold great potential, but they remain hard to build because their basic components—individual quantum systems like atoms, electrons or photons—are fragile. A relentless and noisy background constantly bombards the computer’s data. One promising theoretical approach, known as topological quantum computing, uses groups of special particles confined to a plane to combat this... Continue Reading
University of Maryland Physics Professor Christopher Monroe has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Monroe, who is also a Distinguished University Professor, the Bice Zorn Professor of Physics, and a fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute and the Joint Center for Quantum Information and... Continue Reading
Shantanu Debnath is a graduate student in Chris Monroe's trapped ion quantum information group. He earned an undergraduate degree in engineering physics from the Indian Institute of Technology-Mumbai and afterward briefly studied the correlations that arise in 3- and 4-qubit entangled quantum states. As a PhD student at JQI, he has helped develop a 5-qubit trapped ion quantum computer that a user can program with any sequence of logic gates. This software-defined connectivity of many qubits opens up the possibility of executing large-scale quantum algorithms and simulations.
Crystal Senko was a graduate student in Chris Monroe's ion trapping group. While in the group she focused on ultrafast spin manipulation as well as quantum simulation of magnetism. She is now a postdoctoral researcher with Mikhail Lukin at Harvard. Senko is an undergraduate alumni of Duke University, where she worked with Dan Gauthier on magneto-optical trapping using distributed feedback lasers.
Stephen Eckel is postdoctoral researcher at the JQI, and a National Research Council postdoctoral fellow from 2013-2014. After receiving his undergraduate degree in physics at Lehigh University, he received numerous fellowships and prizes while pursuing a PhD in physics at Yale. There, he performed two precision measurements searching for the electron’s electric dipole moment, one using a solid-state sample and another using molecular lead-oxide. At JQI, he works with Gretchen Campbell on creating superfluid analogs of superconducting quantum interference devices (SQuIDs) using Bose-Einstein condensates of sodium atoms. He is currently working with a team of graduate students to build a new experiment that can incorporate both ultra-cold sodium and erbium.
Hafezi is JQI fellow and works at the interface of condensed matter theory and quantum optics. The focus of his research is on theoretical and experimental investigations of artificial gauge fields and topological order in photonics systems. Such systems can be exploited as robust optical devices insensitive to disorder, which is the subject of his NSF Physics Frontier Center’s seed funding program. Moreover, in the presence of strong optical nonlinearity, such systems are expected to exhibit fractional quantum Hall physics, providing a platform for potentially observing anoynic statistics. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 2009 where he worked with Mikhail Lukin and Eugene Demler. There, he studied strongly correlated physics in AMO systems. In particular, he worked on the topological characterization of ultracold atoms in 2D and also non-equilibrium dynamics of strongly interacting photons in 1D.
Mohammad Maghrebi earned his PhD in physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received the Sergio Vazquez Prize for his research on quantum fluctuations. For his postdoctoral research at JQI, he is working towards understanding non-equilibrium phases of matter in hopes of creating states of matter that do not occur outside the lab. He is also working on quantifying entanglement of many-body systems in equilibrium as well as finding patterns of entanglement generation outside of equilibrium.
Dong-Ling Deng is a JQI Postdoctoral Fellow working in the Condensed Matter Theory Center at UMD. He received his PhD in physics from the University of Michigan, and his research interests include quantum information theory and topological phases of matter. He has proposed a new kind of random number generator based on Majorana fermions, which would be able to generate random numbers with unconditional security. Outside of working hours Deng loves to read classic Chinese novels and play badminton.
Subscribe to A Quantum Bit
Quantum physics began with revolutionary discoveries in the early twentieth century and continues to be central in today’s physics research. Learn about quantum physics, bit by bit. From definitions to the latest research, this is your portal. Subscribe to receive regular emails from the quantum world. Previous Issues...
Sign Up Now
Sign up to receive A Quantum Bit in your email!